The World's Most Famous
Diamonds, Jewelry and Gemstones
Everybody knows them and everybody talks about them.
The biggest treasures are very well protected and will always be an object of desire for millions
of jewelry lovers around the world. But, where are they hidden?
The most valuable and wonderful treasure of the world have been built with precious stones, gemstones and
precious metals like gold, silver and platinum. The art of the ancient world, the designs of historic craftsmen
and goldsmiths have been hunted for centuries.
Today, the most famous diamonds, jewelry and gemstones are owned by countries, companies and private
collectors. Elizabeth Taylor gathered one of the finest and richest jewelry collection ever, full of iconic jewels
and pieces worth more than $30 million dollars, including a 33.19-carat diamond ring and a 16th century
pear-shaped pearl. The "Taylor-Burton Diamond" is incredible.
The eyes of the world lie over other historical treasures.
One of the most famous collections of jewels and gemstones was acquired by the Indian government, back in
1995. The jewelry treasure once belonged to the Nizams of Hyderabad, former Indian princes of the 18th
The "Cullinan I", also known as "The Great Star of Africa", is a 530.4-carat polished diamond discovered in 1905,
by Thomas Evan Powell, in a South African mine owned by Sir Thomas Cullinan. Until 1985, it was the largest
polished diamond in the world. Its estimated value is over $400 million dollars and belongs to the Crown Jewels
of the United Kingdom.
The "Golden Jubilee Diamond" is currently the largest faceted diamond on Earth, with its 755.5 carats.
Originally known as "Unknown Brown", it is owned by King Bhumibol Adulyadej and stored in the Thai Palace.
The "Koh-i-Nur", also known as "Mountain of Light", was mined in the Kollur, in India. Specialized sources say
the mysterious stone was discovered 5000 years ago. The "Koh-i-Nur" has belonged to Hindu, Mughal, Turkic,
Afghan, Sikh and British owners. The legendary diamond is now set in the platinum crown made for coronation
of the late Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, in 1937.
The "Timur Ruby" has had successive owners since it fell in the hands of Shah Abbas I of Persia. This famous
piece of jewelry, now turned into a rich necklace, holds the names of several monarchs, from Jahangir, the
Mughal Emperor of India, to Ahmad Shah. Meanwhile, the United Kingdom received as part of an Indian
treasure. The "Timur Ruby" weighs over 352.5 carats.
Radioactive materials made "The Green Diamond of Dresden", a rare and unique piece with 41 carats is
displayed at the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.
The "Hope Diamond" is a large deep blue diamond weighing 45.52 carats. This true rarity is notorious for
supposedly being cursed, as it is believed to bring tragedy to its owners. The "Hope Diamond" is the second
most-visited artwork in the world, right after Mona Lisa, and can be seen at the Smithsonian Natural History
Museum in Washington.
The "Maharani Cat's Eye" chrysoberyl weighs 58.2 carats and is often referred because of its high gem quality.
The golden honey color and the sharped eye make it an extraordinary rare and fine jewelry piece.
In Istanbul, Turkey, lies "The Topkapi Dagger", a beautiful gift from the Sultan to Nadir Shah. He never got the
treasure because he was killed before he got the jewelry piece. "The Topkapi Dagger" is known for its 31
centimeters and three large solid emeralds worked in gold and other precious stones.
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