from the Vulgar Latin "esmeralda/esmeraldus" (green)
The name "emerald" could also come from two sources: the Greek “smaragdos” or the
ancient Hindu, the meaning “green stone”. In Brazil, emeralds were discovered in
1963. Since then, the South American country is the biggest emerald producer and its
green gems are considered of high quality. There are more rich deposits in Russia,
Colombia and Zimbabwe.
Emerald is the most important beryl mineral. Its hardness places between 7.5 and 8 in
the Mohs scale. However, this hardness could be reduced. It depends on the number
and the size of inclusions. From a chemical-mineralogical point of view, emeralds are
beryllium aluminum silicates.
Emerald is a highly appreciated green jewel and owes its color to chromium and
vanadium. The most important emerald varieties have a central and common feature:
they are transparent.
When talking about emerald's characteristics two types should be underlined: natural
emeralds and the synthetic ones. Synthetic emeralds began to be manufactured by
Germany, before the beginning of the World War II. The ultraviolet filter gives us the
possibility to distinguish between natural and synthetic pieces.
VALUE OF EMERALD
The purity of the color is crucial to assess the value. Along with the purity comes
transparency. These are the two most important features when we want to determine
The biggest emerald in the world was presented in Hong Kong and weighs 536kg.
SYMBOLISM OF EMERALD
Emeralds represent medicine. In the past, people believed it had the power to absorb
anthrax's poison to prevent epilepsy and help women during labor. It was frequently
given to women as an amulet and also as a symbol of chastity. The mineral shattered
when the sin was committed.
According to the Eastern beliefs emeralds could cure many ills. Emeralds purified
blood and stopped nauseas like a balm against snake and scorpions' bites.
In Ancient Egypt, emeralds were associated with fertility and rebirth. People believed
that if someone puts an emerald over the eyes of a patient, the disease would
disappear. Curiously, emerald is considered one of the colors that cause more eye
response from humans.
Emerald symbolizes the eternal love, Mother's Day and brides. A legend tells that
emerald loses its color when one is unfaithful.
Ancient astrologers dedicated emeralds to Mercury god. Sailors used them as a
talisman to calm seas and bring good fortune to their adventures.
EMERALD, VIP AND CELEBRITIES
In the 2011 Oscars, emeralds were the biggest trend. Several celebrities wore this
mineral. Reese Witherspoon had emerald earrings and Amy Adams wore an emerald
bracelet. Annette Bening was another celebrity showing off green emerald earrings.
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