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from the ancient Greek "amethustos" (not intoxicated)
Amethyst is related to inebriation. The most incredible amethysts come from Santa Cruz do Sul, in Brazil, but also from Russia, especially near Mursinka, and from India or Sri Lanka. Other important amethyst centers are Uruguay and Madagascar.
Amethyst is a purple stone and belongs to the quartz family. At Mohs scale, the amethyst places in the 7th level of hardness. Sometimes, this purple color appears in uneven or irregular pieces. Also and quite often, amethysts are imitated or forged with glass and quartz' synthetic violet.
The purple color of the amethyst appears due to the presence of iron and its interaction with aluminum. But we can change or remove its color by heating or by submitting it to ultraviolet radiation. When exposed to heat (500ºC), amethyst turns yellow.
VALUE OF AMETHYST
In order to determine the value of an amethyst it is important to pay attention to color, clarity, cut and size. A perfect amethyst needs to have a deep intense purple color, a perfect clarity and cut and it needs to be large in size.
SYMBOLISM OF AMETHYST
A symbol of sincerity and peace of mind, amethyst also has healing properties. Some people believe that it improves diabetes, insomnia and headaches. In the same way, it is used in meditation because it calms the mind.
The most curious fact is the relationship with inebriation. This mineral symbolizes sobriety. Why? A legend tells that drinking wine from an amethyst goblet prevents inebriation.
Here, of course, we need to understand the past. The old wine amethyst glasses disguise the color of wine and the employees mixed water with the wine without the employer's knowledge.
Religion is also associated with the amethyst. In the Middle Age, churches used amethysts on ornamentation and the bishops wore it on rings. Because of that this mineral is linked with celibacy.
AMETHYST, VIP AND CELEBRITIES
Amethysts are mainly used by princes - like an amulet - wealthy and influential people, poets and clergies. Surprisingly, the amethyst has been famous in Brazil because of soap opera, in which one character uses a turban with an encrusted purple gem. This fact has increased Brazilian's interest in amethysts.
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